Ostrava and its Jews
Lawson, David; Salomonovicova, Libuse; Sustkova, Hana
The story of Ostrava and its Jews encapsulates in a small space (85 square miles) and a short time (ca 150 years) a miniaturised history of Central Europe. It covers industrialisation and massive economic growth, immigration and emigration, intolerance and tolerance, multi-culturalism and nationalism, high culture and social welfare, the Holocaust, communism and the diaspora. The book draws on family histories and eye-witness accounts, many unpublished. In 2005 members of Kingston Synagogue became interested in the origins of a Sefer Torah from Ostrava, housed there many years earlier. This research project, lead initially by David Lawson, grew to include the Czeck historian Hana Sustkova and Czech genealogist Libuse Salomonovicova. As their research progressed a lively online community developed, reestablishing contacts between families from Sweden to Australia and South America to Canada. In effect, resurrecting Jewish Ostrava in virtual and actual reality. The overarching theme is how, in a short time, immigrants - in this case Jews - transformed a small conservative market town into a vibrant, tolerant, caring, economic and cultural powerhouse; how it was destroyed almost overnight by bigotry and intolerance; and to ask how far the Ostrava story can provide lessons or guidance on 21st century political issues.